Signs And Treatment Options For Glaucoma

From vision correction to treating eye infections, regular visits to your eye doctor are important. However, these routine exams are also necessary to diagnose and treat more severe issues affecting your eye health. While surprising to hear, glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in individuals over 60 years of age. Unfortunately, most patients do not even realize they have this condition. Using this guide, you will understand the signs of glaucoma and learn the best options for treatment.

Testing 1, 2, 3

Glaucoma develops from an excessive amount of fluid buildup. This fluid should drain out of your eye ducts periodically. However, if the fluid builds up, it can increase the pressure in your eye, resulting in glaucoma.

During your eye exam, your optometrist will use a tonometry procedure to test your eyes for glaucoma. After numbing the eye with medicated drops, a handheld device is placed up against the eye. This device records the internal pressure of your eye.

Signs of Glaucoma

If the tonometry test determines that you have a higher amount of pressure in the eye, you most likely have glaucoma. In addition, the condition may cause the following signs:

  • Tunnel Vision, Loss of Peripheral Sight
  • Blurred, Hazy Vision
  • Multi-Colored Vision around Bright Lights
  • Eye Discomfort from the Pressure
  • Chronic Headaches
  • Complete Vision Loss

Treatment Options

Unfortunately, there is no cure for glaucoma, but your optometrist can manage the symptoms of this condition using drops and other medications.

Prescription eye drops will usually be the first option for treating the signs of your glaucoma. Medicated eye drops reduce the pressure in your eye by improving the total drainage of eye fluid.

To ensure the drops are effective, follow your doctor's dosage instructions. Be sure to keep your eye lid closed for 2 minutes after placing the drops. Close off your tear ducts to lock the drops in place by pressing the corner of your eye, closest to your nose.

Your doctor may also recommend prescription medications to use along with the eye drops. Medications may be taken orally to reduce the total amount of pressure in the eye, relieving the discomfort and vision impairments associated with glaucoma.

If medications are not effective, laser surgery may be necessary. Fortunately, laser surgery for glaucoma can be completed as an outpatient procedure, reducing the amount of time spent in recovery.

During the procedure, your doctor will numb the eye and use laser technology to open tear ducts. This will improve drainage and reduce pressure in the eye.